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Can Animals And Machines Be Persons

Author : Justin Leiber
ISBN : 0872200027
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 38. 57 MB
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"Written in a lively and entertaining style, this little book, which deals with topics such as 'personhood,' animal rights, and artificial intelligence . . . makes some rather difficult philosophical points clear in an unpedantic fashion." -- M E Winston, Trenton State College

Relationship Morality

Author : James Kellenberger
ISBN : 9780271043722
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 42. 40 MB
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Humans Animals Machines

Author : Glen A. Mazis
ISBN : 0791475565
Genre : Nature
File Size : 89. 66 MB
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Examines the overlap and blurring of boundaries among humans, animals, and machines.

The Machine Question

Author : David J. Gunkel
ISBN : 9780262304511
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75. 21 MB
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One of the enduring concerns of moral philosophy is deciding who or what is deserving of ethical consideration. Much recent attention has been devoted to the "animal question" -- consideration of the moral status of nonhuman animals. In this book, David Gunkel takes up the "machine question": whether and to what extent intelligent and autonomous machines of our own making can be considered to have legitimate moral responsibilities and any legitimate claim to moral consideration. The machine question poses a fundamental challenge to moral thinking, questioning the traditional philosophical conceptualization of technology as a tool or instrument to be used by human agents. Gunkel begins by addressing the question of machine moral agency: whether a machine might be considered a legitimate moral agent that could be held responsible for decisions and actions. He then approaches the machine question from the other side, considering whether a machine might be a moral patient due legitimate moral consideration. Finally, Gunkel considers some recent innovations in moral philosophy and critical theory that complicate the machine question, deconstructing the binary agent--patient opposition itself. Technological advances may prompt us to wonder if the science fiction of computers and robots whose actions affect their human companions (think of HAL in 2001: A Space Odyssey) could become science fact. Gunkel's argument promises to influence future considerations of ethics, ourselves, and the other entities who inhabit this world.

Inevitable Illusions

Author : Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini
ISBN : 047115962X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 16 MB
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"Fascinating and insightful. . . . I cannot recall a book that has made me think more about the nature of thinking." -- Richard C. Lewontin Harvard University Everyone knows that optical illusions trick us because of the way we see. Now scientists have discovered that cognitive illusions, a set of biases deeply embedded in the human mind, can actually distort the way we think. In Inevitable Illusions, distinguished cognitive researcher Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini takes us on a provocative, challenging, and thoroughly entertaining exploration of the games our minds play. He opens the doors onto the newly charted realm of the cognitive unconscious to reveal the full range of illusions, showing how they inhibit our ability to reason--no matter what our educational background or IQ. Inevitable Illusions is stimulating, eye-opening food for thought.

The Time Machine

Author : Herbert George Wells
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 24. 88 MB
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This innovative debut novel by British author H.G. Wells follows an unnamed scientist as he uses a time machine to travel from turn-of-the-century England into the far future. Instead of a world of gleaming technology, the explorer finds a primitive society populated by the fragile, human-like Eloi and the predatory, underground-dwelling Morlocks. Attempting to retrieve his stolen invention and return to his own time, the traveler encounters plenty of dangers and eventually glimpses more unsettling visions of dire future eras.

The Ethics Of Animal Experimentation

Author : Donna Yarri
ISBN : 0198040156
Genre : Religion
File Size : 55. 17 MB
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The ethical treatment of animals has become an issue of serious moral concern. Many people are challenging long-held assumptions about animals and raising questions about their status and treatment. What is the relationship between humans and animals? Do animals have moral standing? Do we have direct or indirect duties to animals? Does human benefit always outweigh animal suffering? The use of animals for experimentation raises all of these questions in a particularly insistent way. Donna Yarri gives an overview of the current state of the discussion, and presents an argument for significantly restricted animal experimentation. Pointing to the similarities between humans and animals, she argues that the actual differences are differences of degree rather than kind. Animal cognition and animal sentiency together are the basis for the claim that experimental animals do have rights. Examining arguments in the disciplines of ethology, philosophy, science, and theology, Yarri makes a case for placing substantial restrictions on animal experimentation. Grounding her examination in Christian theology, she formulates a more humane approach to animal experimentation. She concludes with a concrete burden-benefit analysis that can serve as the foundation for informed decision-making. The Ethics of Animal Experimentation serves as both a handbook of animal rights theory and a practical guide to navigating the complexities of animal experimentation. As animal experimentation features in an increasing number of scientific endeavors, it is an ethical issue that requires our immediate attention. Yarri's unique contribution forges a path toward an ethical practice of animal experimentation.

Religion And Science Fiction

Author : James F. McGrath
ISBN : 9780718892555
Genre : Religion
File Size : 76. 23 MB
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As announced by its title, this multidisciplinary book focuses on the intersection between religion and science fiction. Several perspectives are addressed by scholars from different disciplines: theology, literature, history, music, and anthropology. Thus, gathering a range of distinct voices and approaches, this work edited by James F. McGrath shows how multifaceted and multicultural the science's fiction treatment of religion is.

The Failure Of Modernism

Author : Brendan Sweetman
ISBN : 0966922611
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 69. 35 MB
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The contributors to The Failure of Modernism are influenced by the view that modernism has failed, and most of the essays attempt to critique specific features of modernism, often from a more traditional perspective. Modernism in philosophy is characterized by skepticism and anti-realism in epistemology, and by relativism in ethics and politics.

Artificial Morality

Author : Peter Danielson
ISBN : 9781134901364
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 69 MB
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Explores the role of artificial intelligence in the development of a claim that morality is person made and rational.

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